Notion(s) Filing Case
Deposition Decision - 15.07.1999 KUPREŠKIĆ et al.

15. [W]here both parties were present and were allowed to make oral representations in relation to the issue raised by the motion, the non-compliance with the requirement embodied in Sub-rule 71(B) [that a motion for the taking of a deposition must be in writing] is merely of a technical nature and has no adverse effects upon the integrity of the proceedings or the rights of the accused.[] 


19. […] Rule 71 must be construed strictly and in accordance with its original purpose of providing an exception, with special conditions, to the general rule for direct evidence to be furnished, especially in the context of a criminal trial.  In the result, any relaxation of Rule 71 or deviation from the purpose for which it was originally designed must require the consent of the accused. 

20. [T]he taking of deposition from witnesses is to be effected away from the seat of the Tribunal only in cases where witnesses because of exceptional circumstances are unable to physically appear before the Trial Chamber to give evidence.  […]

21. […] A Trial Chamber’s commendable desire to discharge its obligation to ensure that a trial is expeditious does not justify departure from the general rule of direct evidence without express support in the Rules or the consent of the accused. […]

22. […] However, this is not to say that the deposition procedure established in Rule 71 may not be used in situations to which the provision does not directly apply – for example to facilitate the continuation of the proceedings by way of receiving deposition evidence when a member of a Trial Chamber due to illness is unable to participate in the work of the Chamber, in the case where the accused gives his consent.[1] 


[1] See for example The Prosecutor v. Blaskić, Case No.: IT-95-14-T, Decision on Prosecutor and Defence Motions to Proceed by Deposition, T. Ch. I, 19 Feb. 1998;  The Prosecutor v. Kupreskić and Others, Case No.: IT-95-16-T, Decision on Prosecution and Defence Requests to Proceed by Deposition, T. Ch. II, 11 Feb. 1999; and The Prosecutor v. Kordić and Čerkez, Case No.: IT-95-14/2-T, Decision on Prosecution Request to Proceed by Deposition, T.Ch. III, 13 April 1999.  

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ICTR Rule Rule 71