Notion(s) Filing Case
Appeal Judgement - 04.12.2012 LUKIĆ & LUKIĆ

466. Article 23(2) of the Statute and Rule 98 ter(C) of the Rules provide that a judgement shall be rendered by a “majority of the judges”. Rule 87(A) of the Rules specifies that a majority of judges must be satisfied that guilt has been proved beyond reasonable doubt. In the present case, there was no such majority as only Judge David was satisfied that Sredoje Lukić fulfilled the actus reus and mens rea of aiding and abetting extermination in the Pionirska Street Incident.[1] As set out above, for different reasons neither Judge Van den Wyngaert nor Judge Robinson was satisfied that Sredoje Lukić should be convicted of this offence. Thus, to conclude that the Trial Chamber’s majority findings on Sredoje Lukić’s participation in the murders and on their characterisation as extermination support a finding of guilt would lead to Sredoje Lukić’s conviction, despite the fact that only one Judge was satisfied that all the necessary elements were fulfilled. Such a conclusion is incompatible with the principle that a finding of guilt may be reached only when a majority of the trial chamber is satisfied that guilt has been proved beyond reasonable doubt, as enshrined in Rule 87(A) of the Rules. Thus, the Prosecution has not shown that the Trial Chamber erred in failing to convict Sredoje Lukić for aiding and abetting extermination as a crime against humanity on Pionirska Street. The Prosecution’s first ground of appeal is therefore dismissed.

[1] Trial Judgement, paras 934, 953. 

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ICTR Statute Article 22(2) ICTY Statute Article 23(2) ICTR Rule Rule 87(A);
Rule 88(C)
ICTY Rule Rule 87(A);
Rule 98 ter(C)